A salt water disposal (SWD) well is a disposal site for water produced as a result of the oil and gas extraction process. As water emerges from a wellhead, it must be gathered and transported through a network of pipelines or on trucks to a Salt Water Disposal Well (SWD). Alternatively, some water remains in the production lifecycle and goes through treatment before it is reused in subsequent hydraulic fracturing operations.
Regulation of SWD facilities is significant and thorough. The 1974 Safe Drinking Water Act required the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) to set minimum requirements for salt water injection wells, along with many other wells utilized in disposing of various hazardous and nonhazardous wastes. Rules for the construction of all oil and gas related wells, including injection or disposal wells, are intended to protect groundwater and require multiple layers of cement and steel to ensure that usable quality water is protected.
Treatment and Disposal of Wastewater Service Providers
A result of increase production of salt water and the requirement for disposal if has created service providers for the treatment and disposal of wastewater generated from crude oil and natural gas production and for the disposal of solids such as tank bottoms and drilling fluids and performs truck and frac tank washouts. In addition, the Water Solutions segment can sell the recovered hydrocarbons that result from performing these services.
Oil & Gas Permits Download
SWD Wells Drilled by SWD Service Providers Since 2021
SWD Texas Air Permits
List of Companies that Operate SWD Wells as a Service
NGL Energy Partners LP is a diversified midstream MLP that provides multiple services to producers and end-users, including transportation, storage, blending and marketing of crude oil, NGLs, refined products / renewables, and water solutions. Map of SWD Wells
Aris Water Solutions is an independent, growth-oriented company headquartered in Houston, Texas, that is a leader in developing and operating produced water infrastructure and recycling for the largest operators in the Permian Basin. Map of SWD Wells
Goodnight Midstream provides integrated saltwater management to oil and gas producers. We have an extensive, reliable and redundant network of water gathering pipelines and saltwater disposal wells in the leading oil shale fields of the United States. Map of SWD Wells
Velocity provides water solutions for E&P companies. We started with one location, but we have grown our portfolio to 18 saltwater disposal wells throughout West Texas. Our facilities are easy to spot… We’re the guys with blue tanks! Map of SWD Wells
Aqua Terra Water Management is a growth oriented company focused on becoming the first choice for waste management and water disposal throughout North America. Map of SWD Wells
WaterBridge Operating LLC water management networks provide reliable and efficient gathering and disposal of produced water. Our networks consist of purpose-built produced water disposal facilities that are interconnected by large-scale water pipeline infrastructure throughout the southern Delaware Basin in west Texas and the Arkoma Basin in southeastern Oklahoma.
Waste Management Energy Services of Texas, LLC an in-direct subsidiary of Houston-based Waste Management, Inc. safe disposal of oilfield wastes. Wastes accepted at the facility include oil field drill cuttings, drilling muds, produced water, flow back water, acid water, pit water, and tank and pit sludges.
Rattler Midstream LP is a Delaware limited partnership formed by Diamondback Energy to own, operate, develop and acquire midstream and energy-related infrastructure assets.
Pilot Water Solutions’ unmatched reach, recycling capability, downhole capacity, and reputation for reliable service make it the water midstream partner of choice in the Delaware Basin and in all of its operating areas.
STATELINE WATER, LLC limited partnership formed by Devon Energy to own, operate, develop and acquire midstream and energy-related infrastructure assets.
Lagoon is a pure-play water midstream company in the Midland Basin. We provide full-cycle water services, both freshwater and produced water supply for completion operations as well as gathering and disposal.
Gravity has an established and growing presence in the Permian Basin, and has recently expanded water management operations into the Williston Basin, helping operators to transport and dispose of produced water.
Goodnight Midstream provides integrated saltwater management to oil and gas producers. We have an extensive, reliable and redundant network of water gathering pipelines and saltwater disposal wells in the leading oil shale fields of the United States.
H₂O Midstream provides water gathering, transportation, recycling, storage, treatment and disposal solutions for produced water.
Enhanced Midstream, LLC (“Enhanced”) is a professional water management company focused on building, owning and operating water infrastructure that integrates produced water gathering, recycling, disposal and fresh water